Meta Integration® Model Bridge (MIMB)
"Metadata Integration" Solution

MIMB Bridge Documentation

MIMB Import Bridge from Apache Avro File (JSON)

Bridge Specifications

Vendor Apache
Tool Name Avro File (JSON)
Tool Version Avro 1.x
Tool Web Site https://avro.apache.org/
Supported Methodology [File System] Data Store (NoSQL / Hierarchical, Physical Data Model) via Java API on AVRO File

SPECIFICATIONS
Tool: Apache / Avro File (JSON) version Avro 1.x via Java API on AVRO File
See https://avro.apache.org/
Metadata: [File System] Data Store (NoSQL / Hierarchical, Physical Data Model)
Component: Avro version 11.1.0

DISCLAIMER
This import bridge requires internet access to download third-party libraries:
- such as https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/ to download open source third-party libraries,
- and more sites for other third-party software such as database specific jdbc drivers.

The downloaded third-party libraries are stored into $HOME/data/download/MIMB/
- If https fails, the import bridge then tries with http.
- If a proxy is used to access internet, you must configure that proxy in the JRE (see the -j option in the Miscellaneous parameter).
- If the import bridge does not have full access to internet, that $HOME/data/download/MIMB/ directory can be copied from another server with internet access where the command $HOME/bin/MIMB.sh (or .bat) -d can be used to download all third-party libraries used by all bridges at once.

By running this import bridge, you hereby acknowledge responsibility for the license terms and any potential security vulnerabilities from these downloaded third-party software libraries.

OVERVIEW
This bridge imports metadata from Avro files using a Java API.
Note that this bridge is not performing any data driven metadata discovery, but instead reading the schema definition at the header (top) of the Avro file.

This bridge detects the following standard Avro data types:
https://avro.apache.org/docs/current/spec.html#schema_primitive

null - no value.
boolean - a binary value.
int - a 32-bit signed integer.
long - a 64-bit signed integer.
float - a single precision (32 bit) IEEE 754 floating-point number.
double - double precision (64-bit) IEEE 754 floating-point number.
bytes - sequence of 8-bit unsigned bytes.
string - Unicode character sequence.


Bridge Parameters

Parameter Name Description Type Values Default Scope
File Path to file to import FILE *.*   Mandatory
Miscellaneous INTRODUCTION
Specify miscellaneous options starting with a dash and optionally followed by parameters, e.g.
-connection.cast MyDatabase1="MICROSOFT SQL SERVER"
Some options can be used multiple times if applicable, e.g.
-connection.rename NewConnection1=OldConnection1 -connection.rename NewConnection2=OldConnection2;
As the list of options can become a long string, it is possible to load it from a file which must be located in ${MODEL_BRIDGE_HOME}\data\MIMB\parameters and have the extension .txt. In such case, all options must be defined within that file as the only value of this parameter, e.g.
ETL/Miscellaneous.txt

JAVA ENVIRONMENT OPTIONS
-java.memory <Java Memory's maximum size> (previously -m)

1G by default on 64bits JRE or as set in conf/conf.properties, e.g.
-java.memory 8G
-java.memory 8000M

-java.parameters <Java Runtime Environment command line options> (previously -j)

This option must be the last one in the Miscellaneous parameter as all the text after -java.parameters is passed "as is" to the JRE, e.g.
-java.parameters -Dname=value -Xms1G
The following option must be set when a proxy is used to access internet (this is critical to access https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/ and exceptionally a few other tool sites) in order to download the necessary third-party software libraries.
Note: The majority of proxies are concerned with encrypting (HTTPS) the outside (of the company) traffic and trust the inside traffic that can access proxy over HTTP. In this case, an HTTPS request reaches the proxy over HTTP where the proxy HTTPS-encrypts it.
-java.parameters -java.parameters -Dhttp.proxyHost=127.0.0.1 -Dhttp.proxyPort=3128 -Dhttp.proxyUser=user -Dhttp.proxyPassword=pass

-java.executable <Java Runtime Environment full path name> (previously -jre)

It can be an absolute path to javaw.exe on Windows or a link/script path on Linux, e.g.
-java.executable "c:\Program Files\Java\jre\bin\javaw.exe"

Some API based bridges (e.g. JDBC) may require a SSL / TLS based secure connection, no setup is needed when using an official certificate signed by a Certificate Authority (CA). However, when using a self signed certificate, then such a certificate needs to be imported in your java environment (before restarting your Java application) typically as follows:
cd $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/security
mv jssecacerts jssecacerts.old
$JAVA_HOME/bin/keytool -importkeystore -srckeystore {your_keystore} -keystore jssecacerts

-environment.variable <name>=<value> (previously -v)

None by default, e.g.
-environment.variable var2="value2 with spaces"

MODEL IMPORT OPTIONS
-model.name <model name>

Override the model name, e.g.
-model.name "My Model Name"

-prescript <script name>

This option allows running a script before the bridge execution.
The script must be located in the bin directory (or as specified with M_SCRIPT_PATH in conf/conf.properties), and have .bat or .sh extension.
The script path must not include any parent directory symbol (..).
The script should return exit code 0 to indicate success, or another value to indicate failure.
For example:
-prescript "script.bat arg1 arg2"

-postscript <script name>

This option allows running a script after successful execution of the bridge.
The script must be located in the bin directory (or as specified with M_SCRIPT_PATH in conf/conf.properties), and have .bat or .sh extension.
The script path must not include any parent directory symbol (..).
The script should return exit code 0 to indicate success, or another value to indicate failure.
For example:
-postscript "script.bat arg1 arg2"

-cache.clear

Clears the cache before the import, and therefore will run a full import without incremental harvesting.

If the model was not changed and the -cache.clear parameter is not used (incremental harvesting), then a new version will not be created.
If the model was not changed and the -cache.clear parameter is set (full source import instead of incremental), then a new version will be created.

-backup <directory>

This option allows to save the bridge input metadata for further troubleshooting. The provided <directory> must be empty.

The primary use of this option is for data store import bridges, in particular JDBC based database import bridges.

Note that this option is not operational on some bridges including:
- File based import bridges (as such input files can be used instead)
- DI/BI repository import bridges (as the tool's repository native backup can be used instead)
- Some API based import bridges (e.g. COM based) for technical reasons.

DATA CONNECTION OPTIONS
Data Connections are produced by the import bridges typically from ETL/DI and BI tools to refer to the source and target data stores they use. These data connections are then used by metadata management tools to connect them (metadata stitching) to their actual data stores (e.g. databases, file system, etc.) in order to produce the full end to end data flow lineage and impact analysis. The name of each data connection is unique by import model. The data connection names used within DI/BI design tools are used when possible, otherwise connection names are generated to be short but meaningful such as the database / schema name, the file system path, or Uniform Resource Identifier (URI). The following option allows to manipulate connections. These options replaces the legacy options -c, -cd, and -cs.

-connection.cast ConnectionName=ConnectionType

Casts a generic database connection (e.g. ODBC/JDBC) to a precise database type (e.g. ORACLE) for SQL Parsing, e.g.
-connection.cast "My Database"="MICROSOFT SQL SERVER".
The list of supported data store connection types includes:
ACCESS
APACHE CASSANDRA
DB2/UDB
DENODO
GOOGLE BIGQUERY
HIVE
MYSQL
NETEZZA
ORACLE
POSTGRESQL
PRESTO
REDSHIFT
SALESFORCE
SAP HANA
SNOWFLAKE
MICROSOFT SQL AZURE
MICROSOFT SQL SERVER
SYBASE SQL SERVER
SYBASE AS ENTERPRISE
TERADATA
VECTORWISE
HP VERTICA

-connection.rename OldConnection=NewConnection

Renames an existing connection to a new name, e.g.
-connection.rename OldConnectionName=NewConnectionName
Multiple existing database connections can be renamed and merged into one new database connection, e.g.
-connection.rename MySchema1=MyDatabase -connection.rename MySchema2=MyDatabase

-connection.split oldConnection.Schema1=newConnection

Splits a database connection into one or multiple database connections.
A single database connection can be split into one connection per schema, e.g.
-connection.split MyDatabase
All database connections can be split into one connection per schema, e.g.
-connection.split *
A database connection can be explicitly split creating a new database connection by appending a schema name to a database, e.g.
-connection.split MyDatabase.schema1=MySchema1

-connection.map SourcePath=DestinationPath

Maps a source path to destination path. This is useful for file system connections when different paths points to the same object (directory or file).
On Hadoop, a process can write into a CSV file specified with the HDFS full path, but another process reads from a HIVE table implemented (external) by the same file specified using a relative path with default file name and extension, e.g.
-connection.map /user1/folder=hdfs://host:8020/users/user1/folder/file.csv
On Linux, a given directory (or file) like /data can be referred to by multiple symbolic links like /users/john and /users/paul, e.g.
-connection.map /data=/users/John -connection.map /data=/users/paul
On Windows, a given directory like C:\data can be referred to by multiple network drives like M: and N:, e.g.
-connection.map C:\data=M:\ -connection.map C:\data=N:\

-connection.casesensitive ConnectionName

Overrides the default case insensitive matching rules for the object identifiers inside the specified connection, provided the detected type of the data store by itself supports this configuration (e.g. Microsoft SQL Server, MySql etc.), e.g.
-connection.casesensitive "My Database"

-connection.level AggregationLevel

Specifies the aggregation level for the external connections, e.g.-connection.level catalog
The list of the supported values:
server
catalog
schema (default)

FILE SYSTEM OPTIONS
-file.encoding <Encoding value>

Uses the encoding value to read the text files (e.g. delimited and fixed width).
The supported languages are listed below with the actual encoding value between parentheses at the end of each line, e.g.
-file.encoding shift_jis

Central and Eastern European (iso-8859-2)
Central and Eastern European (windows-1250)
Chinese Traditional (big5)
Chinese Simplified (GB18030)
Chinese Simplified (GB2312)
Cyrillic (iso-8859-5)
Cyrillic (windows-1251)
DOS (ibm-850)
Greek (iso-8859-7)
Greek (windows-1253)
Hebrew (iso-8859-8)
Hebrew (windows-1255)
Japanese (shift_jis)
Korean (ks_c_5601-1987)
Thai (TIS620)
Thai (windows-874)
Turkish (iso-8859-9)
Turkish (windows-1254)
UTF 8 (utf-8)
UTF 16 (utf-16)
Western European (iso-8859-1)
Western European (iso-8859-15)
Western European (windows-1252)
Locale encoding
No encoding conversion

-processing.max.threads <number> (previously -tps)

Allows for parallel processing up to a maximum number of threads (by default 1), e.g.
-processing.max.threads 10

-processing.max.time <time> (previously -tl)

Sets a time limit for processing all files. Time can be specified in seconds, minutes, or hours, e.g.
-processing.max.time 3600s
-processing.max.time 60m
-processing.max.time 1h

-processing.max.files <number> (previously -fl)

Sets a maximum number of files to process (there are no limits by default), e.g.
-processing.max.files 100

Note, please exercise caution when using this option to handle the large number of files which may be in partition directories. Instead, the Partition directories parameter should be specified to properly declare any partition directory. That specification will not only limit the number of similar files to be processed, but will also produce a proper model of the data lake as a partition rather than a large number of files.

-partitions.latest (previously -fresh.partition.models)

Uses ONLY the latest modified files when processing partitions defined in the Partitioned directories parameter.

-partitions.disable.detection (previously -disable.partitions.autodetection)

Disables the automatic partition detection (when "Partition directories" option is empty)

-cache.reuse (previously -skip.download)

Reuses what was already downloaded in the cache by disabling dependencies downloading.

-hadoop.key <Hadoop configuration options> (previously -hadoop)

Sets key values for the hadoop libraries (None by default), e.g.
-hadoop.key key1=val1;key2=val2

-path.substitute <path> <new path> (previously -subst)

Substitutes a root path by a new one, e.g.
-path.substitute K: C:\test

-detailed.log

Print all processed files paths into debug log.

DELIMITED FILE OPTIONS
-delimited.disable.header.parsing (previously -delimited.no_header)

Disables the parsing of the header of delimited files (headers are parsed by default to detect field names).
Use this option if the delimited file has no header, or to disable the import of the header (if the field names are sensitive).

-delimited.ignore.top.rows <number> (previously -delimited.top_rows_skip)

Skips an number of rows at the top of delimited files (by default 0).
Use this option the the delimited files contains several rows of description at the beginning.
-delimited.ignore.top.rows 1

-delimited.add.separators <comma separated separators> (previously -delimited.extra_separators)

Adds extra possible separators when parsing delimited files.
By default, the detected separators include: ', (comma)' , '; (semicolon)', '\t (tab)', '| (pipe)', '0x1 (ctrl+A)', 'BS (\u0008)', ': (colon)'
Note that extra separators can be multi characters, e.g.
-delimited.add.separators ~,||,|~

PARQUET FILE OPTIONS
-parquet.max.compressed.size <value> (previously -parquet.compressed.max.size)

Ignores any parquet archive files with a compressed size bigger than the provided value (Default value is 10 000 000 bytes), e.g.
-parquet.compressed.max.size=10000000
STRING      

 

Bridge Mapping

Mapping information is not available

Last updated on Mon, 18 Sep 2023 17:44:25

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